Publications by year

2018 - 2017 - 2016 - 2015 - 2014 - 2013 - 2012 - 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 - 2007 - 2006 - 2005 - 2004 - 2003 - 2002 - 2001 - 2000 - 1999 - 1998 - 1997 - 1996

G. Agarwal, A. Kumar, H. Gao, M. Amirthalingam, S.C. Moon, R.J. Dippenaar, I.M. Richardson, and M.J.M. Hermans

Study of Solidification Cracking in a Transformation-Induced Plasticity-Aided Steel

Mettalurgical and Materials Transactions A; Volume 49, April 2018, Pages 1015-1020

G. Boussinot, M. Apel

Phase field and analytical study of mushy zone solidification in a static thermal gradient: From dendrites to planar front

Acta Materialia 122, (1 January 2017), Pages 310–321

Alexandre Viardin, Miha Založnik, Youssef Souhar, Markus Apel, Hervé Combeau

Mesoscopic modeling of spacing and grain selection in columnar dendritic solidification: Envelope versus phase-field model

Acta Materialia 122, (1 January 2017), Pages 386–399

Ming Wei, Lijun Zhang, Mingjun Yang, Kai Li, Shuhong Liu, Pizhi Zhao and Yong Du

Phase-field simulation of the solidified microstructure in a new commercial 6××× aluminum alloy ingot supported by experimental measurements

International Journal of Materials Research

J.Eiken and B.Böttger

3D phase-field simulations of graphite growth in ductile cast iron considering interaction between local expansion and microsegregation

presented at the TMS Annual Meeting 2017 San Diego, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21890.48329

Dan Wang, Kota Kadoi and Kenji Shinozaki

Prediction of Residual Liquid Distribution of Austenitic Stainless Steel during Laser Beam Welding Using Multi-Phase Field Modeling

ISIJ International, Advance Publication by J-STAGE, DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.ISIJINT-2016-484


A Flowchart Scheme for Information Retrieval in ICME Settings

Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME 2017)

Paul Mason, Charles R. Fisher, Ryan Glamm, Michele V. Manuel, Georg J. Schmitz, Amarendra K. Singh, Alejandro Strachan

ISBN: 978-3-319-57863-7 (Print) 978-3-319-57864-4 (Online)

M J Deepu, H Farivar, U Prahl and G Phanikumar

Microstructure based simulations for prediction of flow curves and selection of process parameters for inter-critical annealing in DP steel

Materials Science and Engineering 192 (2017) 012010 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/192/1/012010

A.B. Phillion, M. Založnik, I. Spindler, N. Pinter, C.-A. Aledo, G. Salloum-Abou-Jaoude, H. Nguyen Thi, G. Reinhart, G. Boussinot, M. Apel, H. Combeau

Evolution of a mushy zone in a static temperature gradient using a volume average approach

Acta Materialia 141, (December 2017), Pages 206–216

Manja Krüger, Georg Hasemann, Omid Kazemi, Thorsten Halle

Microstructure Evolution of a Directionally Solidified Ternary Eutectic Mo-Si-B Alloy

Materials Science Forum Vol. 879 (2017)1226-1232


Yusuke Shimono, Mototeru Oba, Sukeharu Nomoto, Yuichiro Koizumi, Akihiko Chiba

Numerical Simulation of Solidification in Additive Manufacturing of Ti Alloy by Multi-Phase Field Method

Solid Freeform Fabrication 2017: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium

Wang, Kai, Ming Wei, and Lijun Zhang

Anomalous Halo Formation in an Arc-Melted ScNi-Sc2Ni Off-Eutectic Binary Alloy

Materials, 9 (2016) 584,

Prosenjit Das, Pradip Dutta

Phase field modelling of microstructure evolution and ripening driven grain growth during cooling slope processing of A356 Al alloy

Computational Materials Science Volume 125, December 2016, Pages 8–19,

available online

Georg J.Schmitz (作者) U.Prahl (作者)

集成计算材料工程----模块化仿真平台的 概念和应用

ISBN 9787118108415

Georg J.Schmitz, Bernd Böttger, Markus Apel, Janin Eiken, Gottfried Laschet, Ralph Altenfeld, Ralf Berger, Guillaume Boussinot & Alexandre Viardin

Towards a metadata scheme for the description of materials – the description of microstructures

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 17:1(2016) 410-430


O.Kazemi, G.Hasemann, M.Krüger & T.Halle

Phase field simulation of a directional solidification of a ternary eutectic Mo-Si-B Alloy

IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 118 (2016) 012028


M.G.Mecozzi, J.Eiken, M.J.Santofimia, J.Sietsma

Phase field modelling of microstructural evolution during the quenching and partitioning treatment in low-alloy steels

Computational Materials Science 112 A (2016) 245–256

M.Zaloznik, A.Viardin, Y.Souhar, H.Combeau, M.Apel

Mesoscopic modelling of columnar solidification

Materials Science and Engineering 117 (2016) 012013


A.Viardin, R.Berger, L.Sturz, M.Apel and U.Hecht

Phase-field modelling of β(Ti) solidification in Ti-45at.%Al : columnar dendrite growth at various gravity levels

Materials Science and Engineering 117 (2016) 012007


G.J.Schmitz, B.Böttger and M.Apel

On the role of solidification modelling in Integrated Computational Materials Engineering “ICME”

Materials Science and Engineering 117 (2016) 012041


Maalekian, Mehran, Hamid Azizi-Alizamini and Matthias Militzer

Phase Field Modeling of Microstructure Banding in Steels

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 47 (2016), 608–22

G.J.Schmitz and U.Prahl (eds)

Handbook of Software Solutions for ICME

Wiley VCH, Weinheim (2016), ISBN 978-3-527-33902-0

K.Wang, M.Wei, L.Zhang, and Y.Du

Morphologies of Primary Silicon in Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys: Phase-Field Simulation Supported by Key Experiments

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 47A (2016)1510


B.Böttger, C.Haberstroh, N.Giesselmann

Cross-Permeability of the Semisolid Region in Directional Solidification: A Combined Phase-Field and Lattice-Boltzmann Simulation Approach

JOMM 68 1 (2016) 27-36


C.Hao, B.Zhu and M.Militzer

Phase Field Modeling of Cyclic Austenite-Ferrite Transformations in Fe-C-Mn Alloys

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 47 (2016), 3873–81

G.J.Schmitz, A.Engstrom, R.Bernhardt, U.Prahl, L.Adam, J.Seyfarth, M.Apel, C.Agelet de Saracibar, P.Korzhavyi, J.Ågren, and B.Patzak

Software Solutions for ICME

JOMM 68 1 (2016) 70-76

DOI: 10.1007/s11837- 015-1718-8

Ma, Ping-ping, Ruijie Zhang, Xue Jiang, Hai-qing Yin, Guo-quan Liu and Xuan-hui Qu

Prediction of the Equivalent Elastic Modulus of Mush Zone during Solidification Process Coupled with Phase Field Simulations

Computational Materials Science, 123 (2016), 252–55


Microstructure modeling in integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) settings: Can HDF5 provide the basis for an emerging standard for describing microstructures?

JOMM 68 1 (2016) 77-83 JOM

DOI: 10.1007/s11837- 015-1748-2


ICME- Bridging Interfaces

JOMM 68 1 (2016) 25-26

Zhu, Ben-qiang, and Matthias Militzer

Phase-Field Modeling for Intercritical Annealing of a Dual-Phase Steel

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 46 (2015), 1073–84


Založnik, M., Alexandre Viardin, Y.Souhar, H.Combeau, and Markus Apel

Mesoscopic Modeling of Columnar Solidification and Comparisons with Phase-Field Simulations

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 84 (2015), 12074


M.G.Mecozzi, J.Eiken, M.J.Santofimia, J.Sietsma

Phase field modelling of microstructural evolution during the quenching and partitioning treatment in low-alloy steels

Computational Materials Science 112(2016)245-256


B.Böttger, M.Apel, B.Laux, S.Piegert

Detached Melt Nucleation during Diffusion Brazing of a Technical Ni-based Superalloy: A Phase-Field Study

2015 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 84 012031


B.Böttger, J.Eiken, M.Apel

"Multi-Ternary Extrapolation Scheme for Efficient Coupling of Thermodynamic Data to a Multi-Phase-Field Model"

Computational Materials Science, Volume 108, Part B, October 2015, Pages 283–292

Hara, T., Y.Kanegae, and T.Tonogi

‘Solidification Simulation of Copper-Iron Alloy for Lead Frame by Phase-Field Method’

in Recent Advances in Structural Integrity Analysis - Proceedings of the International Congress (APCF/SIF-2014), ed. by Lin Ye (Elsevier Science, 2015), p. 350

Ta, Na, Li-jun Zhang, Ying Tang, Wei-min Chen, and Yong Du

Effect of Temperature Gradient on Microstructure Evolution in Ni–Al–Cr Bond Coat/substrate Systems: A Phase-Field Study

Surface and Coatings Technology, 261 (2015), 364–74


Song, Wen-wen, Wolfgang Bleck, and Ulrich Prahl

CME Towards Improved Understanding of Bainite in 100CR6

Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015), pp. 39–46


Lentz, Jonathan, Arne Röttger and Werner Theisen

Solidification and Phase Formation of Alloys in the Hypoeutectic Region of the Fe–C–B System

Acta Materialia, 99 (2015), 119–29


Mehran Maalekian, Hamid Azizi-Alizamini, and Matthias Militzer

Phase Field Modeling of Microstructure Banding in Steels

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A (2015)


Fukumoto, Shigeo, Yuuji Iwasaki, Masatake Hojo, and Hiroshige Inoue

Estimation of Phase Transformation Behaviour and High-Temperature Properties in SUS410 Using Visualization Techniques

Welding International, 29 (2015), 754–61


E.M.van der Aa, M.Amirthalingam, J.Winter, D.N.Hanlon, M.J.M.Hermans, M.Rijnders, and I.M.Richardson

Improved resistance spot weldability of 3rd generation AHSS for automotive applications

Keynote presentation at the 11th International Seminar on Numerical Analysis of Weldability, 27-30 September 2015 Graz - Seggau – Austria

Paper awarded with the “IIW Kenneth Easterling Best Paper Award 2015”

Claas Hüter, Mingxuan Lin, Diego Schicchi, Martin Hunkel, Ulrich Prahl,and Robert Spatschek

A multiscale perspective on the kinetics of solid state transformations with application to bainite formation

AIMS Materials Science, 2(4): 319–345.

DOI: 10.3934/matersci.2015.4.319

R. Rettig, N. C. Ritter, F. Müller, M.M. Franke, and R. F. Singer

Optimization of the Homogenization Heat Treatment of Nickel-Based Superalloys Based on Phase-Field Simulations: Numerical Methods and Experimental Validation


DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-3130-y

J.Eiken and M.Apel

Eutectic Morphology Evolution and Sr-Modification in Al-Si Based Alloys Studied by 3D Phase-Field Simulation Coupled to Calphad Data

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 84 (2015), 12084


M.Goune, F.Danoix, J.Agren, Y.Brechet, C.R.Hutchinson, M.Militzer, G.Purdy, S.van der Zwaag, H.Zurob

Overview of the current issues in austenite to ferrite transformation and the role of migrating interfaces therein for low alloyed steels

Materials Science and Engineering R 92 (2015) 1–38


Phase-Field Simulation of Microstructure Evolution in Industrial A2214 Alloy During Solidification

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A Vol. 46A (2015) 3182

DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-2911-7

Murugaiyan Amirthalingam, E. M. van der Aa, C. Kwakernaak, M. J. M. Hermans, I. M. Richardson

Elemental segregation during resistance spot welding of boron containing advanced high strength steels

Welding in the World, September 2015, Volume 59, Issue 5, pp 743-755

G.J.Schmitz, B.Böttger and M.Apel

Microstructure modelling in ICME settings

Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on ICME (Eds W.Poole, S.Christensen, S.Kalidindi, A.Luo, J.Madison, D.Raabe, X.Sun) Wiley TMS (2015) p165-172 (ISBN 978-1-119-13949-2)

Janin Eiken, Markus Apel, Song-Mao Liang, Rainer Schmid-Fetzer

Impact of P and Sr on solidification sequence and morphology of hypoeutectic Al–Si alloys: Combined thermodynamic computation and phase-field simulation

Acta Materialia 98 (2015)152–163


Phase-Field Simulation of Microstructure Evolutionin Industrial A2214 Alloy During Solidification


DOI: 10.1007/s11661-015-2911-7

Murugaiyan Amirthalingam; E.M.van der Aa; C. Kwakernaak; M.J.M.Hermans; I.M.Richardson

Elemental segregation during resistance spot welding of boron containing advanced high strength steels

Weld World (2015) 59:743–755

DOI 10.1007/s40194-015-0250-3

Jonathan Lentz, Arne Röttger, Werner Theisen

Solidification and phase formation of alloys in the hypoeutectic region of the Fe–C–B system

Acta Materialia 99 (2015) 119–129

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2015.07.037

O.Güvenç, M.Bambach, and G.Hirt

Coupling of Crystal Plasticity Finite Element and Phase Field Methods for the Prediction of SRX Kinetics after Hot Working

steel research int. 85 (2014) No. 6

DOI: 10.1002/srin.201300191

M.Apel, J.Eiken and U.Hecht

Phase field models for heterogeneous nucleation: Application to inoculation in alpha-solidifying Ti-Al-B alloys

European Physical Journal Special Topics 223 3 (2014) 545

M.M.Franke, R.F.Singer and I.Steinbach

Tertiary dendritic instability in late stage solidification of Ni-based superalloys

Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 22 (2014) 025026

M.Apel, G.Laschet, B.Böttger and R.Berger

Phase Field Modeling of Microstructure Formation, DSC Curves, and Thermal Expansion for Ag-Cu Brazing Fillers Under Reactive Air Brazing Conditions

Advanced Engineering Materials (2014)

DOI: 10.1002/adem.201400101

R.Berger, M.Apel and B.Böttger

Phase Field Modeling Applied to Reactive Air Brazing: Investigating Reaction Kinetics with Focus on Oxygen Exchange

Advanced Engineering Materials (2014)

DOI: 10.1002/adem.201400103


„Von Massalski nach MICRESS® - Gefügesimulationen in technischen Werkstoffen“

J.Hildebrand, T.Loohse, J. Sakkiettibutra and M.Brand (eds):„Simulationsforum 2013 Schweisstechnik und Wärmebehandlung“ ISBN 978-3-00-045902-3 (2014) pp. 1-11

S.Niknafs and R.Dippenaar

Experimentally-aided Simulation of Directional Solidification of Steel

ISIJ International, Vol. 54 (2014), No. 3, pp. 526–532

Na Ta, Lijun Zhang, and Yong Du

Design of the Precipitation Process for Ni-Al Alloys with Optimal Mechanical Properties: A Phase-Field Study

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 45 4 (2014)1787

DOI: 10.1007/s11661-014-2192-6

Wei-hua SUN, Li-jun ZHANG, Ming WEI, Yong DU, Bai-yun HUANG

Effect of liquid diffusion coefficients on microstructure evolution during solidification of Al356.1 alloy

Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 23(2013) 3722−3728

A.Carré, B.Böttger, M.Apel

Implementation of an antitrapping current for a multicomponent multiphase-field approach

Journal of Crystal Growth 380(2013)5–13

A.Ramazani, P.T.Pinard, S.Richter, A.Schwedt , U.Prahl

Characterisation of microstructure and modelling of flow behaviour of bainite-aided dual-phase steel

Computational Materials Science 68 (2013) available online june 19th 2013

A.Ramazani, Y.Li, K.Mukherjee, U.Prahl, W.Bleck, A.Abdurakhmanov, M.Schleser, U.Reisgen

Microstructure evolution simulation in hot rolled DP600 steel during gas metal arc welding

Computational Materials Science 68 (2013) 107–116

B.Böttger, M.Apel, B.Santillana, and D.G.Eskin

Relationship Between Solidification Microstructure and Hot Cracking Susceptibility for Continuous Casting of Low-Carbon and High-Strength Low-Alloyed Steels: A Phase-Field Study

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 44 5 (2013) 3765

DOI: 10.1007/s11661-013-1732-9

G.J.Schmitz, B.Zhou, B.Böttger, J.Villain and S.Klima

Phase-field modeling and experimental observations of microstructures in solidifying Sn-Ag-Cu solders

Journal of Electronic Materials 42 8 (2013)2658

B.Böttger, G.J.Schmitz, F-J.Wahlers, J.Klöwer, J.Tewes, B.Gehrmann

New Freckle Criterion for Technical Remelting Processes

High Temperatures-High Pressures 42 2 (2013) 115-136

G.Laschet, P.Fayek, T.Henke , H.Quade, U.Prahl

Derivation of anisotropic flow curves of ferrite–pearlite pipeline steel via a two-level homogenisation scheme

Materials Science & Engineering A 566 (2013) 143–156

A.Ramazani, Y.Li, K.Mukherjee, U.Prahl, W.Bleck, A.Abdurakhmanov, M.Schleser, U.Reisgen

Microstructure evolution simulation in hot rolled DP600 steel during gas metal arc welding

Computational Materials Science, Volume 68, February 2013, Pages 107–116

I.Lopez-Galilea, S.Huth, S.G.Fries, N.Warnken, I.Steinbach, and W.Theisen

Microsegregation and Secondary Phase Formation During Directional Solidification of the Single-Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy LEK94


M.Tolui, M.Militzer

Phase Field Modelling of Microstructure Evolution in the HAZ of X80 Linepipe Steel

Proceedings of the 2012 9th International Pipeline Conference IPC2012 September 24-28, 2012, Calgary, Alberta, Canada


B.Böttger, G.J.Schmitz, and B.Santillana

Multi-Phase-field modeling of solidification in technical steel grades

Trans Indian Inst Met 65 (6) (2012) 613–615

DOI: 10.1007/s12666-012-0169-y

J.Rudnizki, U.Prahl and W.Bleck

Phase-field modelling of microstructure evolution during processing of cold-rolled dual phase steels

Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation 2012, 1:3


I.Lopez-Galilea, S.Huth, S.G.Fries, N.Warnken, I.Steinbach and W.Theisen

Microsegregation and Secondary Phase Formation During Directional Solidification of the Single-Crystal Ni-Based Superalloy LEK94


DOI: 10.1007/s11661-012-1327-x

J.Lacaze, J.Eiken, A.Hazotte

Resampling technique applied to statistics of microsegregation characterization

Materials Science and Engineering 33 (2012) 012062


Numerical solution of the phase-field equation with minimized discretization error

IOP Conference Series - Materials Science and Engineering 33 (2012) 012105

B.Böttger, M.Apel, B.Santillana and D.G.Eskin

Phase-field modelling of microstructure formation during the solidification of continuously cast low carbon and HSLA steels

IOP Conference Series - Materials Science and Engineering 33 (2012) 012107

G.J.Schmitz and U.Prahl (eds)

Integrative Computational Materials Engineering- Concepts and applications of a modular simulation platform

Wiley VCH Verlag Weinheim (2012)

ISBN 978-3-527-33081-2

Weihua Sun, Senlin Cui. Lijun Zhang,Yong Du, Baiyun Huang

Phase-field Simulation of Microstructural Evolution of gamma Precipitate in gamma-prime Matrix in Binary Ni-Al Alloys

Procedia Engineering 36 ( 2012 ) 200 – 206

Janin Eiken

The Finite Phase-Field Method - A Numerical Diffuse Interface Approach for Microstructure Simulation with Minimized Discretization Error

MRS Proceedings 2012 1369 : mrss11-1369-xx05-05

DOI: 10.1557/opl.2012.510

Y.Takahama, M.J.Santofimia, M.G.Mecozzi, L.Zhao, J.Sietsma

Phase field simulation of the carbon redistribution during the quenching and partitioning process in a low-carbon steel

Acta Materialia (2012) in press

Yong Du, LiJun Zhang, SenLin Cui, DongDong Zhao, DanDan Liu, WeiBin Zhang , WeiHua Sun and WanQi Jie

Atomic mobilities and diffusivities in Al alloys

Science China 55 2 (2012) 306–328

DOI: 10.1007/s11431-011-4692-6

Xiao, NaMin, Chen Yun, Li DianZhong and Li YiYi

Progress in mesoscopic modeling of microstructure evolution in steels

Science China 55 2 (2012) 341–356

DOI: 10.1007/s11431-011-4699-z

Galina Lasko, Markus Apel, Antoine Carré, Ulrich Weber and Siegfried Schmauder

Effect of Microstructure and Hydrogen Pores on the Mechanical Behavior of an Al7%Si0.3%Mg Alloy Studied bya Combined Phase-Field and Micromechanical Approach

Advanced Engineering Materials 13 (2012)1

DOI: 10.1002/adem.201100188


Grain growth behavior analysis of low alloy steel using phase-field method: Development of method to predict grain growth behavior at Heat Affected Zone(1) [in Japanese]

Prep.Nat.Meet.JWS 2012s(0), 118-119, 2012


Suggestion of grain boundary mobility incorporating pinning effect by MICRESS:The prediction of grain growth behavior at Heat Affected Zone (2) [in Japanese]

Prep.Nat.Meet.JWS 2012f(0), 156-157, 2012

Jenny Rudnizki

Through-process model for the microstructure of dual-phase steel

PHD thesis IEHK RWTH Aachen University (2011)

Alexandre Viardin, Laszlo Sturz, Gerhard Zimmermann and Markus Apel

Phase-field modeling of the columnar-to-equiaxed transition in neopentylglycol-camphor alloy solidification

Journal of Physics: Conference Series 327 (2011) 012004

Matthias Militzer and Hamid Azizi-Alizamini

Phase Field Modelling of Austenite Formation in Low Carbon Steels

Solid State Phenomena Vols. 172-174 (2011) pp 1050-1059

Ingo Steinbach, Mathis Plapp

Pearlite revisited

Continuum Mech.Thermodyn.

DOI: 10.1007/s00161-011-0204-y

W.W.Song, U.Prahl, W.Bleck, K.Mukherjee

Phase-Field Simulations of bainitic phase transformation in 100CR6

TMS 2011 140th Annual Meeting and Exhibition: Materials Fabrication, Properties, Characterization, and Modeling (Wiley 2011)

(Wiley 2011) ISBN 978-1-11802-946-6 pages 417-425

Lijun Zhang, Ingo Steinbach and Yong Du

Phase-Field Simulations of Diffusion Couples in the Ni-Al system

Int. J. Mat. Res 102 4 (2011)371

J.Rudnizki, B.Böttger, U.Prahl, and W.Bleck

Phase-Field Modeling of Austenite Formation from a Ferrite plus Pearlite Microstructure during Annealing of Cold-Rolled Dual-Phase Steel


G.J.Schmitz, S.Benke, G.Laschet, M.Apel, U.Prahl, P.Fayek, S.Konovalov, J.Rudnizki, H.Quade, S.Freyberger, T.Henke, M.Bambach, E.A.Rossiter, U.Jansen, U.Eppelt

Towards Integrative Computational Materials Engineering of Steel Components

Production Engineering & Research (2011)

DOI: 10.1007/s11740-011-0322-1

B.Nestler, A.Choudhury

Phase-field modeling of multi-component systems

Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science Volume 15, Issue 3, June 2011, Pages 93–105

R.Altenfeld, M.Apel, Mey, B.Böttger, S.Benke, C.Bischof

Parallelizing Computational Microstructure Simulations for Metallic Materials with OpenMP

Accepted for publication in: Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) series.

G.J.Schmitz, B.Böttger, J.Eiken, M.Apel , A.Viardin, A.Carré and G.Laschet

Phase-field based simulation of microstructure evolution in technical alloy grades

Int J Adv Eng Sci Appl Math 2 4 (2012) 126

DOI 10.1007/s12572-011-0026-y (Springer 2012)

M.G.Mecozzi, J.Eiken, M.Apel, J.Sietsma

Quantitative comparison of the phase-transformation kinetics in a sharp-interface and a phase-field model

Computational Materials Science 50(2011)1846


Phase field modeling of microstructure evolution in steels

Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (2010)

DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2010.10.001

Yuko Nomura, Satoshi Minamoto and Sukeharu Nomoto

Simulations of Solidification in Sn–3Ag–0.5Cu Alloys by the Multi-phase-field Method

ISIJ International, Vol. 50 (2010), No. 12, pp. 1920–1924

S.Minamoto, S.Nomoto, A.Hamaya, T.Horiuchi and S.Miura

Microstructure Simulation for Solidification of Magnesium–Zinc–Yttrium Alloy by Multi-phase-field Method. Coupled with CALPHAD Database

ISIJ International, Vol. 50 (2010), No. 12, pp. 1914–1919


Phase-Field Simulations of Dendritic Orientation Selection in Mg-Alloys with Hexagonal Anisotropy

Materials Science Forum 649 (2010) pp 199-204

K.Mukherjee, U.Prahl, W.Bleck, U.Reisgen, M.Schleser, A.Abdurakhmanov

Characterization and modelling techniques for gas metal arc welding of DP 600 sheet steels

Mat.-wiss. u. Werkstofftech. 47 11 (2010)972

D.Senk, S.Stratemeier, B.Böttger, K.Göhler and I.Steinbach

Modeling of Hot Ductility During Solidification of Steel Grades in Continuous Casting – Part I

Advanced Engineering Materials 12 4(2010) 94

B.Böttger, S.Stratemeier, E.Subasic, K.Göhler, I.Steinbach and D.Senk

Modeling of Hot Ductility During Solidification of Steel Grades in Continuous Casting – Part II

Advanced Engineering Materials 12 4(2010) 101

A.Carré, B.Böttger, M.Apel

Phase-field modelling of gas porosity formation during the solidification of aluminium

International Journal of Materials Research 2010/04, Page 510-514

G.Laschet und M.Apel

Thermo-elastic homogenization of 3-D steel microstructure simulated by the phase field method

Steel Res. Int., vol. 81, n°8 (2010) 637-643

Hamid Azizi-Alizamini, Matthias Militzer

Phase field modelling of austenite formation from ultrafine ferrite–carbide aggregates in Fe–C

International Journal of Materials Research 2010/04, Page 534-541

Morteza Toloui, Matthias Militzer

Phase field simulation of austenite grain growth in the HAZ of microalloyed linepipe steel

International Journal of Materials Research 2010/04, Page 542-548

Philippe Schaffnit, Charles Stallybrass, Joachim Konrad, Axel Kulgemeyer, Heike Meuser

Dual-scale phase-field simulation of grain growth upon reheating of a microalloyed line pipe steel

International Journal of Materials Research 2010/04, Page 549-554


Phase-field simulation of microstructure formation in technical magnesium alloys

International Journal of Materials Research 2010/04, Page 503-509

M.Bünck, N.Warnken, A.Bührig-Polaczek

Microstructure evolution of rheo-cast A356 aluminium alloy in consideration of different cooling conditions by means of the cooling channel process

Journal of Materials Processing Technology 210 4 (2010) 624

S.Fukumoto, Y.Oikawa, S.Tsuge and S.Nomoto

Prediction of Sigma Phase Formation in Fe–Cr–Ni–Mo–N Alloys

ISIJ International, Vol. 50 (2010), No. 3, pp. 445–449

B.Böttger, A.Carré, G.J.Schmitz, J.Eiken and M.Apel

Simulation of the Microstructure Formation in Technical Aluminum Alloys using the Multi-Phase-Field Method

Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals 62 4-5 (2009) 299

P.K.Galenko, S.Reutzel, D.M.Herlach, S.G.Fries, I.Steinbach , M.Apel

Dendritic solidification in undercooled Ni–Zr–Al melts: Experiments and modeling

Acta Materialia 57 (2009) 6166–6175

N.Warnken, D.Ma, A.Drevermann, R.C.Reed, S.G.Fries and I.Steinbach

Phase-field modelling of as-cast microstructure evolution in nickel-based superalloys

Acta Materialia (2009) 5862

B.Böttger, M.Apel, J.Eiken, P.Schaffnit , G.J.Schmitz and I.Steinbach

Phase-Field Simulation of equiaxed solidification: A homoenthalpic approach to the micro-macro problem

Modelling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes, MCWASP - XII, Vancouver 2009 Pages: 119-127

J.Eiken, M.Apel, V.T.Witusiewicz, J.Zollinger and U.Hecht

Interplay between α(Ti) nucleation and growth during peritectic solidification investigated by phase-field simulations

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 (2009) 464104



Dendritic growth texture evolution in Mg-based alloys investigated by phase-field simulation

International Journal of Cast Metals Research 22, 1-4 (2009) 86-89(4)

P.Schaffnit, C.Stallybrass, S.Bez, A.Schneider, J.Konrad, A.Liessem

Quantitative phase–field simulation of the austenite grain growth between 900°C and 1400°C of a micro-alloyed line-pipe steel

9th International Seminar Numerical Analysis of Weldability Graz-Seggau 2009 (pre-print)


Pattern formation in constrained dendritic growth with solutal buoyancy

Acta Materialia 57 (2009) 2640–2645

G.Zimmermann, L.Sturz, M.Walterfang, J.Dagner

Effect of melt flow on dendritic growth in AlSi7-based alloys during directional solidification

International Journal of Cast Metals Research 22, 1-4 (2009) 335-338(4)

S.Fukumoto and S.Nomoto

Microstructure Simulation for Solidification of Stainless Steel by Multi-Phase-Field Model

J. Japan Inst. Metals, Vol. 73, No. 7 (2009), pp. 502-508 (in Japanese)

S.Nomoto, S.Minamoto and K.Nakajima

Numerical Simulation for Grain Refinement of Aluminum Alloy by Multi-phase-field Model Coupled with CALPHAD

ISIJ International 49 7 (2009) 1019

M.Apel, B.Böttger, J.Rudnizki, P.Schaffnit and I.Steinbach

Grain Growth Simulations including particle pinning using the Multi-Phasefield Concept

ISIJ International 49 7 (2009) 1024

B.Böttger, J.Eiken, M.Apel

Phase-field simulation of microstructure formation in technical castings – A self-consistent homoenthalpic approach to the micro–macro problem

J. Comput. Phys. 228 (2009), 6784-6795


Phase-field models in Materials Science - Topical Review

Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 17 (2009)073001

S.G.Fries, B.Böttger, J.Eiken, I.Steinbach

Upgrading CALPHAD to microstructure simulation: the phase-field method

Int.J.Mat.Res 100(2009)2

M.Apel, S.Benke,I.Steinbach

Virtual Dilatometer Curves and effective Young's modulus of a 3D multiphase structure calulated by the phase-field method

Computational Materials Science 45 (2009) 589

S.S.Khan, N.Hort, J.Eiken, I.Steinbach and S.Schmauder

Numerical Determination of Heat Distribution and Castability Simulations of as Cast Mg-Al Alloys

Advanced Engineering Materials 11 3 (2009) 162


Effect of interface anisotropy on spacing selection in constrained dendrite growth

Acta Materialia 56(2008)4965-4971

Y.Takahama and J.Sietsma

Mobility Analysis of the Austenite to Ferrite Transformation in Nb Microalloyed Steel by Phase Field Modelling

ISIJ International, Vol. 48 (2008), No. 4, pp. 512–517

N.Warnken, A.Drevermann, D.Ma, S.G.Fries, I.Steinbach

Development of a simulation approach to microstructure evolution during solidification and homogenization using the phase-field method

Superalloys 2008, Eds: R.C.Reed et al. TMS Warrendale, 2008


A Multi-phase-field model including inelastic deformation for solid state transformations

PAMM, Volume 8 Issue 1 (December 2008), pp 10407-10408

DOI: 10.1002/pamm.20081040

B.Böttger, V.T.Witusiewicz, M.Apel, A.Drevermann, U.Hecht, S.Rex

Stationary and Instationary Morphology Formation During Directional Solidification of Ternary Eutectic Alloys. Dieter M. Herlach (Hg.): Phase Transformations in Multicomponent Melts.

Weinheim Wiley-VCH 2008, pp. 387-406

A.Sommerfeld, B.Böttger, B.Tonn

Graphite nucleation in cast iron melts based on solidification experiments and microstructure simulation

Journal of Materials Science and Technology 24 3 (2008) 321-324

B.Böttger, M.Apel, J.Eiken, P.Schaffnit, I.Steinbach

Phase-field simulation of solidification and solid-state transformations in multicomponent steels

steel research international 79 8 (2008) 608


Coupling of the phase-field and CALPHAD methods for predicting multicomponent, solid-state phase transformations (review article)

Philosophical Magazine Vol. 88, No. 11, 11 April 2008, 1615–1637

J.Eiken, B.Böttger, I.Steinbach

Simulation of Microstructure Evolution during solidification of Magnesium-Based Alloys

Trans. Indian Inst. Met. Vol.60, Nos. 2-3, April-June 2007, pp. 179-184

P.Schaffnit, M.Apel, I.Steinbach

Simulation of ideal grain growth using the multi-phase-field model

Materials Science Forum 558-559 (2007)1177

S.Amancherla, S.Kar, B.Bewlay, Y.Ying, A.Chang

Thermodynamic and Microstructural Modelling of Nb-Si Based Alloys

Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion 28 1 (2007) 2

I.Steinbach, B.Böttger, J.Eiken, N.Warnken, S.G.Fries

CALPHAD and Phase-Field Modeling: A Succesful Liaison

Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion 28 1 (2007) 101

I.Steinbach, M.Apel

Phase-field simulation of rapid crystallization of silicon on substrate

Materials Science & Engineering A 449-451 (2007) 95

I.Steinbach, M.Apel

The influence of lattice strain on pearlite formation in Fe–C

Acta Materialia 55 (2007) 4817

R.G.Thiessen, J.Sietsma, T.A.Palmer, J.W.Elmer, I.M.Richardson

Phase-field modelling and synchrotron validation of phase transformations in martensitic dual-phase steel

Acta Materialia 55 (2007) 601-614

M.Militzer, M.G.Mecozzi, J.Sietsma, S.van der Zwaag

Three-dimensional phase field modelling of the austenite-to-ferrite transformation

Acta Materialia 54 (15) (2006) 3961-3972

M.G.Mecozzi, J.Sietsma, S.van der Zwaag

Analysis of the gamma-alpha transformation in a Nb microalloyed C-Mn steel by phase-field modelling

Acta Materialia 54 (2006) 1431

J.Sietsma, M.G.Mecozzi, S.M.C. van Bohemen, S.van der Zwaag

Evolution of the mixed-mode character of solid-state transformations in metals involving solute partitioninig

Int. J. Mat. Res (formerly Z. Metallkd.) 97 (2006) 4

R.G.Thiessen, I.M.Richardson

A Physically Based Model for Microstructure Development in a Macroscopic Heat-Affected Zone: Grain Growth and Recrystallization

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 37B (2006)655

R.Herzog, N.Warnken, I.Steinbach, B.Hallstedt, C.Walter,J.Müller, D.Hajas, E.Münstermann, J.M.Schneider, R.Nickel, D.Parkot, K.Bobzin, E.Lugscheider, P.Bednarz, O.Trunova, L.Singheiser

Integrated Approach for the Development of Advanced, Coated Gas Turbine Blades

Advanced Engineering Materials 8 6 (2006) 535

G.C. Pariser

Modeling the Austenite to Ferrite Phase Transformation for Steel Development

Ph.D. Thesis , Institute of Ferrous Metallurgy, RWTH Aachen (2006) , Shaker, Aachen ISBN 3-8322-5014-X

K.Nakajima, M.Apel, I. Steinbach

The role of carbon diffusion in ferrite on the kinetics of cooperative growth of pearlite: A Multi-Phase-Field study

Acta Materialia 54 (2006) 3665-3672

R.G.Thiessen, I.M Richardson, J.Sietsma

Physically based modelling of phase transformations during welding of low-carbon steel

Materials Science and Engineering A 427 (2006) 223

J.Eiken , B.Böttger, I.Steinbach

Multiphase-Field approach for multicomponent alloys with extrapolation scheme for numerical application

Phys. Rev. E 73 066122 (2006)

I.Steinbach, M.Apel

Multi Phase Field Model for Solid State Transformation with Elastic Strain

Physica D 217 (2006) 153-160

Advanced Engineering Materials April 4 (2006) (journalcoverpage)

B. Böttger, J.Eiken, M.Ohno, G.Klaus, M.Fehlbier, R.Schmid-Fetzer, I.Steinbach and A. Bührig-Polaczek

Controlling Microstructure in Magnesium alloys: A combined thermodynamic, experimental and simulation approach

Advanced Engineering Materials 8 4 (2006) 241

B.Böttger, J.Eiken, I.Steinbach

Phase field simulation of equiaxed solidification in technical alloys

Acta Materialia 54 10 (2006) 2697

H.J.Diepers, I.Steinbach

Interaction of interdendritic convection and dendritic primary spacing: Phase-field simulation and analytical modeling


M.G.Mecozzi, J.Sietsma, S.van der Zwaag, M.Apel, P.Schaffnit, I.Steinbach

Analysis of the gamma-alpha Transformation in C-Mn steel by phase-field modelling

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 36A 9 (2005) 2327

I.Steinbach, H.J.Diepers, C.Beckermann

Transient growth and interaction of equiaxed dendrites

Journal of Crystal Growth 275 3-4( 2005) 624

N.Warnken, D.Ma , M.Mathes, I.Steinbach

Investigation of eutectic island formation in SX superalloys


J.C.Ramirez, C.Beckermann, A.Karma and H.-J.Diepers

Phase-field modeling of binary alloy solidification with coupled heat and solute diffusion

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 69, 051607 (2004)


Phase-field modeling of 55wt% Al -Zn-Si alloy system

Proceedings Galvatech 2004 page 961ff

E. de Bruycker, B.C. De Cooman, M. De Meyer

Experimental Study and Microstructure Simulations of Zn-Al-Mg coatings

Proceedings Galvatech 2004 page 723ff

J.Rösler, M.Götting, D.Del Genovese, B.Böttger, R.Kopp, M.Wolske, F.Schubert, H.J.Penkalla, T.Seliga, A.Thoma, A.Scholz, C.Berger

Wrought Ni-Base Superalloys for Steam Turbine Applications beyond 700 °C

Advanced Engineering Materials 2003

A.Burtseva, M.Apel, R.Ishihara, C.I.M.Beenakker

Phase-field modelling of excimer laser lateral crystallization of silicon thin films

Thin Solid Films 427 (2003) 309–313

M.G.Mecozzi, J.Sietsma and S. van der Zwaag, M.Apel, P.Schaffnit, I.Steinbach

Anaylysis of the gamma-alpha transition in C-Mn steels by dilatometry, Laser confocal scanning microscopy and phase-field modelling

Proceedings MS&T 2003 pages 353 ff

G.Pariser, P.Schaffnit, I.Steinbach and W.Bleck

Simulation of proeutectoid ferrite precipitation during technical heattreatment

Proceedings MS&T 2003 pages 279 ff

M.Apel, B.Böttger, H.-J.Diepers, I.Steinbach:

2D and 3D phase-field simulations of lamellar and fibrous eutectic growth

Journal of Crystal Growth 237-239 (2002) p.154-158

M.Apel, D.Franke, I.Steinbach

Simulation of the crystallisation of silicon ribbons on substrate. Crystalline Silicon for Solar Cells

Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 72 (2002), p. 201-208

H.-J.Diepers, D.Ma, I.Steinbach

History effects during the selection of primary dendrite spacing. Comparison of phase-field simulations with experimental observations

Journal of Crystal Growth 237-239 (2002), p. 149-153

G.Pariser, P.Schaffnit, I.Steinbach, W.Bleck

Simulation of the gamma-alpha-transformation using the phase-field method

Steel Research 72 (2001) 9, p. 354-360

B.Böttger, U.Grafe, D.Ma, S.G.Fries

Simulation of Microsegregation and Microstructural Evolution in Directionally Solidified Superalloys

Materials Science and Technology 16 (2000) Nov/Dec, S. 1425-1428

U.Grafe, B.Böttger, J.Tiaden, S.G.Fries

Coupling of Multicomponent Thermodynamic Databases to a Phase Field Model: Application to Solidification and Solid State Transformations of Superalloys

Scripta Materialia 42 (2000) 12, S. 1179-1186

U.Grafe, B.Böttger, T.Tiaden, S.G.Fries

Simulations of the Initial Transient during Directional Solidification of Multicomponent Alloys Using the Phase Field Method

Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering 8 (2000) 6, S. 871-879

C.Beckermann, H.-J.Diepers, I.Steinbach, A.Karma, X.Tong:

Modeling Melt Convection in Phase-Field Simulations of Solidification.

Journal of Computational Physics 154 (1999) p. 468-496.

Journal of Computational Physics 154 (1999) p. 468-496.

H.-J.Diepers, C.Beckermann, I.Steinbach:

Simulation of convection and ripening in a binary alloy mush using the phase-field-method.

Acta materialia 47 (1999) 13, p. 3663-3678.

Acta materialia 47 (1999) 13, p. 3663-3678.

D.Ma, U.Grafe:

Microsegregation in directionally solidified dendritic-cellular structure of superalloy CMSX-4.

Materials Science and Engineering A270 (1999) p. 339-342.

Materials Science and Engineering A270 (1999) p. 339-342.

I.Steinbach, F.Pezzolla:

A generalized field method for multiphase transformations using interface fields.

Physica D 134 (1999), p. 385-393.

Physica D 134 (1999), p. 385-393.

I.Steinbach, B.Kauerauf, C.Beckermann, J.Guo, Q.Li:

Three-Dimensional Modeling of Equiaxed Dendritic Growth on a Mesoscopic Scale.

Acta Materialia 47 (1999) 3, p.971-982.

Acta Materialia 47 (1999) 3, p.971-982.

J. Tiaden:

Phase field simulations of the peritectic solidification of Fe-C.

Journal of Crystal Growth 198/199 (1999), pp 1275-1280.

Journal of Crystal Growth 198/199 (1999), pp 1275-1280.

G.J.Schmitz, B.Nestler:

Simulation of phase transitions in multiphase systems: peritectic solidification of (RE)Ba2Cu3O7-x superconductors.

Materials Science and Engineering B53 (1998), p. 23-27.

Materials Science and Engineering B53 (1998), p. 23-27.

J.Tiaden, B.Nestler, H.-J.Diepers, I.Steinbach:

The Multiphase-Field Model with an Integrated Concept for Modelling Solute Diffusion.

Physica D (1998)115, p. 73-86.

Physica D (1998)115, p. 73-86.

M.Seeßelberg, J.Tiaden, G.J.Schmitz, I.Steinbach:

Gefügesimulation in mehrphasig erstarrenden Legierungen.

Metall 51(1997) 9, S.491-493.

G.J.Schmitz, B.Nestler, M.Seeßelberg:

YBCO Melt-Processing Development by Numerical Simulation.

J. Low Temp. Phys. 105(1996), p 1451.

M.Seeßelberg, B.Nestler, R.Prieler, G. J.Schmitz, I.Steinbach:

Ein ortsaufgelöstes Simulationsverfahren der Gefügebildung in erstarrenden Schmelzen.

Metall 50(1996)9 S.588-590.

I.Steinbach, F.Pezzolla, B.Nestler, M.Seeßelberg, R.Prieler, G.J. Schmitz, J.L.L. Rezende:

A phase field concept for multiphase systems.

Physica D 94(1996), p.135-147.

Physica D 94(1996), p.135-147.